MANUSUK SIMA TRADITIONAL CEREMONY
The music of Javanese gamelan accompany the procession of Manusuk Sima in the series of the Anniversary of the City of Kediri. It is said, the Manusuk Sima Ceremony was inspired by the gift from the Kingdom of Mataram to Kuwak residents, who were parts of the territory, designated as Sima land. Sima itself, has the meaning of a piece of land that is demarcated and exempt from certain taxes. Sima land was also free from a number of obligations towards the king or high officials at the time.
Manusuk Sima means the establishment of a four-hectare traditional rice field. The implementation of the establishment of this paddy field during the heyday of Raja Rakai Kayuwangi, the land of Sima was very fertile, flowed with Tirtoyoso water so that it could prosper the people of Kediri City in 1141 years ago.
Manusuk Sima functions as a visualization of an event that happened 1141 years ago. This is to show the history of the founding of Kediri City based on the Kuwak inscription which was found in Ngabean Village, Magelang Regency, Central Java Province in 1892. The inscription dates to 801 saka or July 27, 879 AD. For this reason, every July 27 is celebrated as Anniversary of Kediri City.
Manusuk Sima is always commemorated on the anniversary of the City of Kediri. The Manusuk Sima procession itself is like a step back in the birth of this historical city. Beginning with a carving of inscriptions by artists and cultural figures on the stage that has been provided for the procession to take place. After that, a Javanese script that illustrates the beginnings of Kediri is read and the Manusuk Sima procession is also accompanied by dances that are thick with traditions in Kediri.
Makudur or the shaman who leads the traditional rituals together with his assistants starts the procession with the jamasan (washing) Kuwak inscription. Furthermore, the inscription will be paraded to its storage in the Kediri City Hall. The dances of the students colored the ceremonial procession more. During the procession there is no more slaughtering of the black Cemani chicken.
The Manusuk Sima ceremony is also a form of gratitude for the gift bestowed upon the people of Kediri City. In addition, this is one way to preserve the historical culture that is owned by the City of Kediri.
There are three springs in the City of Kediri that are never dry. The Sumber Lo spring is at the foot of Mount Klotok. The water is never dry and is an inseparable part of the cave Selo Bale and cave Selomangleng sites. The water is very purified, because it is used for rituals before performing worship. In addition, this water is used to provide life for local residents and maintain the fertility of rice fields.
Then the Sumber Dadapan spring is in the East of the City of Kediri which is full of legends of the Kediri Kingdom in the past. At this location, Mbok Rondo Dadapan was discovered. In the story of Raden Panji Asmorobangun, she was his adopted mother who masqueraded as Ande-Ande Lumut.
Finally the Sumber Kuwak spring, considered the oldest, is located in front of the City Sub-District Office within Tirtayasa Park. The water is abundant and is always used as the initial location of the anniversary procession of Manusuk Sima.
Because it continues to preserve history, the City of Kediri has obtained various positive things, starting from the harmony of the whole community with the existing differences. This spirit is what the City Government of Kediri perpetuated as the tagline of the City of Kediri, namely Harmoni Kediri The Service City, a harmonious city with excellent service from the government to its people.
The City of Kediri has undergone several transformations. Starting from being made Kediri as the royal capital, then by having a ship dock at that time, the City of Kediri became a trading city with Arabs, Chinese, Malacca and Indonesian Archipelago. The next transformation is in the economic field, starting from the old manufacturing, which is a sugar factory, then the new manufacturing, namely the cigarette industry, to the present being a service-based city.
Surabaya, 17 February 2020